The situation between Nicolas and Chantale began to degenerate when they started exchanging some pettiness. Nicolas started the ball by taking the car from Chantale all day without asking him. Determined not to be forced, Chantale offered a small raid in stores with a credit card forgotten by Nicolas. Quickly, the blows of the kind towards the property of each one multiplied … as the number of offenses punishable by criminal penalties!
In this article, Éducaloi informs you summarily about the main offenses relating to property such as cars, money, souvenirs, tools, etc.
When to “borrow” something from another person becomes a robbery?
Nicolas decides, in the absence of Chantale, to “borrow” for his new apartment the plasma TV they had bought together. Can Nicolas’s “loan” be considered a theft?
Yes, and Chantale could complain to the police. The offense of theft is committed when a person takes, without having the right, the thing of someone else.
It is a flight even if :
- the flight is not hidden (for example if Nicolas leaves a note to the effect that he took the TV);
- the person does not manage to leave with the object (the mere fact of moving it to steal it is enough);
- the thief is the owner of the stolen thing (this would be the case, for example, if the property of a person has been legally seized – it is his property, but it is not entitled to pick them up in the warehouse);
- the thief is co-owner of the stolen thing. We can not, under the pretext that a good is half of us, to deprive the other owner. Good is also his!
In case of conviction for theft, the maximum penalty is 10 years imprisonment.
What is considered fraud?
Fraud is the act of causing economic loss or endangering another’s economic interests by dishonest means or deception.
In case of conviction for fraud, the maximum penalty is 14 years imprisonment.
What is a “motor vehicle pick-up without consent”?
This is the offense committed when a person takes a motor vehicle that does not belong to him without the owner’s consent. In addition, the person must intend to drive or use the vehicle for an offense. The mere fact of being in the vehicle knowing that it was taken without the owner’s consent is sufficient to constitute the offense.
Thus, Chantale could file a complaint against Nicolas. The latter has indeed recently taken without his knowledge his glowing sports car, taking advantage of the fact that Chantal had left him a double key in case of emergency.
In the event of conviction for this offense, the maximum penalty is $ 5,000 fine and 6 months imprisonment.
Is just hiding or hiding something a crime?
The offense known as “fraudulently hiding” is committed when a person, for a dishonest purpose, takes, removes or hides anything.
Let’s see an example. Knowing that Nicolas absolutely needs his toolbox to work, Chantal decides to hide it in the garden. Nicolas is very upset and has to rent other tools. Later, Chantal confesses that it was her. Nicolas files a complaint against Chantal for fraudulently hiding her tools.
In case of conviction for this offense, the maximum penalty is 2 years imprisonment.
What is mischief?
A person commits mischief if he breaks or intentionally damages property belonging to another person. The offense can also be committed when a person prevents, interrupts or hinders the legitimate use of a thing.
Very angry, Nicolas is armed with a pair of scissors and offers himself an excursion in the wardrobe of his ex. He shreds all the beautiful dresses he had offered her in the past. Nicolas is he liable to charges? Yes, since he has committed a wrongdoing.
Making a property dangerous, inoperative or useless is also considered mischief. For example, Chantale decides to loosen the bolts of the front wheel of Nicolas’s bike. It’s a misdeed.
In the case of conviction for this offense, the maximum penalty is 10 years imprisonment. If the mischief causes a real danger to people’s lives, the maximum penalty is life imprisonment.